BEIRUT, Lebanon – A United Nations-backed tribunal in The Hague on Friday sentenced a member of the Hezbollah militant group to life imprisonment after convicting him in the absence of any conspiracy in the 2005 car bomb attack in which former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik was sentenced Hariri was killed.
The defendant, Salim Ayyash, was convicted in August on five counts related to the attack, and on Friday the court sentenced him to life imprisonment for each individual, serving at the same time. However, the verdict was entirely symbolic as Mr. Ayyash, whose whereabouts are unknown, was tried in absentia. This means that if he is arrested, he will have to be tried again.
The condemnation was a muted final remark in a massive and costly effort to bring the perpetrators to justice in the most significant political assassination attempt in modern Lebanon’s history. But after spending millions of dollars investigating and convicting suspects of the 15 year crime, not a single person was punished.
Judge Janet Nosworthy pronounced the verdict in a session, some of which was virtual, on the coronavirus, saying that Mr Ayyash’s serious crimes deserved severe punishment.
“Lebanon is a parliamentary democracy,” said Judge Nosworthy. “Its politicians and leaders should be removed from office by the ballot box, not by a bullet or bomb.”
Recognition…Special Tribunal for Lebanon via Reuters
The special court was set up in 2009 at the behest of the United Nations Security Council after Lebanon failed to investigate the crime. Only individuals can try, but Judge Nosworthy said that one state is most likely behind Mr Hariri’s assassination and that the country that benefits most is “most likely Syria.”
She also suggested that Iran-backed Hezbollah, a powerful militia and political party that the United States and other countries consider a terrorist organization, had protected Mr. Ayyash from arrest.
The court issued new arrest warrants for Mr Ayyash and authorized his prosecutor to request a “red notice” from Interpol, the international law enforcement organization, asking its member states to secure the arrest of Mr Ayyash.
A giant car bomb killed Mr. Hariri and 21 others on February 14, 2005 near the Mediterranean coast of Beirut.